NATHAN, English family, distinguished in public service. The first member of the family to settle in England was MEYER (Michael) NATHAN who came from Dessau about 1790. His grandson, Jonah, married twice. SIR NATHANIEL (1843–1916), the son of Jonah's first marriage, a barrister practicing in Birmingham from 1873 to 1888, became attorney general, judge of the Supreme Court, and from 1901 to 1903 acting chief justice of Trinidad. His half brother, SIR FREDERIC LEWIS (1861–1933), explosives expert and soldier, joined the Royal Artillery in 1879 and organized explosives manufacture before and during World War I. Later, he specialized in fuel problems and was president of the Institution of Chemical Engineers from 1925 to 1927. From 1905 to 1926 he was commandant of the Jewish Lads' Brigade. Frederic's brother SIR MATTHEW (1862–1939) joined the Royal Engineers in 1880 and served in Sudan and India. The first Jew to be a colonial governor, he was governor of the Gold Coast (1900–03), Hong Kong (1904–07), and Natal (1907–09). Secretary to the General Post Office and the Board of Inland Revenue, he was appointed undersecretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1914 and was in sole charge of Dublin Castle when the Easter Rising occurred in 1916. An inquiry criticized his failure to warn the British government of the danger. After serving as secretary of the Ministry of Pensions he became governor of Queensland (1920–26) and retired to Somerset where he took part in local government and wrote a monumental local history. In Jewish life, he represented the New West End Synagogue on the United Synagogue Council. The fourth brother, SIR ROBERT (1866–1921), served in the Indian civil service from 1888 to 1915 and was appointed chief secretary   to the governor of Eastern Bengal and Assam in 1910. In World War I he did important work in counterespionage. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: P.H. Emden, Jews of Britain (1943), index; Roth, Mag Bibl. index; DNB, s.v. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online for Sir Matthew Nathan; A.B. Haydon, Sir Matthew Nathan, British Colonial Governor and Civil Servant (1972). (Vivian David Lipman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Nathan — (hebr. er hat gegeben ) ist eine Kurzform des männlichen Vornamens Nathanael. Der Zusatz el leitet sich von El für Gott ab (vgl. Nathanja) und bedeutet Der HERR (Gott) hat gegeben . Nathan (Natan) war der alttestamentliche Prophet in der Bibel,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nathan — • Identifies six men of that name mentioned in the Old Testament Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nathan     Nathan     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Nathan — may refer to: Nathan (given name) (includes a list of people with this name) People known as Nathan: This section lists people commonly referred to solely by this name. Nathan (prophet), biblical figure during the time of King David Nathan (son… …   Wikipedia

  • NATHAN — (Heb. נָתָן), prophet in the days of David and Solomon). Nathan, together with Zadok the priest, anointed Solomon as king after encouraging and activating the people of the royal court to proclaim him king. Two of his prophecies are known: one… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NATHAN — NATHAN, U.S. family. SIMON NATHAN (1746–1822), who was born in England, went to the colonies in 1773 by way of Havana. During the Revolution, he supported the revolutionary cause and helped ship supplies to the colonists from Jamaica where he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NATHAN — NATHA Le personnage principal qui porte ce nom abrégé de natan Yah , «Yahvé a donné» est le prophète dont, selon la tradition biblique, l’influence fut grande à la cour de David. C’est lui qui adressa au roi de vigoureux reproches lorsque celui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nathan — masc. proper name, biblical prophet, from Heb. Nathan, lit. he has given, from verb nathan, related to mattan gift …   Etymology dictionary

  • Nathan — Nathan, Natan hebräischer Ursprung, Kurzform von → Nathanael und → Jonathan (Bedeutung: Gott hat gegeben). Bekannt als biblischer Prophet und aus Lessings Schauspiel »Nathan der Weise« (1779) …   Deutsch namen

  • Nathan — Nathan, profet på Davids tid, en ædel og sand personlighed, på mange måder en støtte for sin konge, særlig kendt for sin frimodige optræden over for denne efter hans dybe fald. David overlod ham siden sin søn Salomos opdragelse, og det var Nathan …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Nathan — Nom d origine biblique fréquemment porté par des juifs, qui correspond à l hébreu nathan, signifiant (Dieu) a donné, ou encore (Dieu) a ordonné. C est le nom d un prophète sous les règnes de David et de Salomon. Variante : Natan …   Noms de famille

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